Botanical Name's -: Foeniculum Vulgare
Family Name -: Umbelliferae
Other Name's -: Large Fennel, Sweet Fennel
A perennial herb, it can grow up to five to eight feet,which was originally native to the Mediterranean countries, it is now widely grown in Europe and North America. Fennel fruit yields of volatile oil of a pleasant aromatic odour, which consist of anethole or anise camphor and varible prportions of a liquid isomeric with oil of tupentine and small quantities of other substances like fenchone are also present in certain varities. Antheol is obtained from fennel in two forms : solid and liquid. . Dried fennel seed is an aromatic, anise-flavoured spice, brown or green in colour when fresh, slowly turning a dull grey as the seed ages.Fennel seeds contains anethol and fenchone which , commission E notes, have been shown in laboratory tests to break down secreation in the respiratory tract. It has carmative, stomachic, antispasmodic, emmenagogue, anti-inflammatory , diuretic. Relieves bloating, nausea, settle stomach, stimulates. The fennel seeds contains about 8% volatile oil and sterols.The extract of seeds inhibits the growth of micro-organism ,especially streptococcus mutans, that are responsible for dental caries and periodontal diseases. The essential oil from the seeds is antibacterial , antifungal, antioxidant,emmenagogue, abortifacient.The fatty acid , petroselenic acid, obtained from the oil, exhibited antimicrobial activity.
Fennel seeds are useful for obesity, food poisoning.It acts as a diuretic and hence useful in urinary disorders.It acts as a stimulate menstruation.Fennel is also effective in treating colics and ulcers. The seeds and leaves are used to flavour fish dishes and the stems are used as a vegetable.Dried ripe fruit and its essential oil are used as stimulant, aromatic, diuretic,emmenagogue, and purgative. Root is regarded as purgative and it is one of the five purgative roots of the ancient in europe . Fennel water is given in colic and flatulence of children. Oil is useful in flatulence and check the griping of puragatives. It is used in feverishness and indigestion with vomiting The .seeds are used as a flavoring agent in many herbal medicines, and to help disperse flatulence. The seeds, and roots, also help to open obstructions of the liver, spleen and gall bladder, and to ease painful swellings, in addition to helping with yellow jaundice, the gout and occasional cramps.The leaves and stems are very beneficial to nursing mothers to relieve breast swelling. Fennel is medicated herb and hence it is useful in skin complaints such as acne, dull with dry skin, blemish, etc. Fennel is used chiefly to dispel flatulence , soothe spasms in the gastrointestinal tract, and loosen mucous from colds, and bronchitis. .
How to Use in Different Diseases
The decoction is useful for eye wash.As oil is beneficial for joints pains .It should be applied on affected area twice a day.Fennel syrup is very useful in chronic cough .The syrup is taken one to two teaspoonful twice a day after meals.Fennel tea is useful as eye tonic and eye infections.Fennel tincture is useful for digestive disorders.Infusions of the seeds and roots relieve flatulence, strengthen digestion, help suppress appetite and, as a result, aid weight loss. A hot infusion fruit is useful in anenorrhoea and in case where the lacteal secretion is suppressed, and to produce free sweating . A paste of the seeds or fruits is used in a cooling drink in fevers and in the scalding of urine. An infusion of this plant also beneficial in indigestion, abdominal distention, stomach pains and kidney stones etc. When this herb combined with Arctostaphylos uva-ursi herb make positive effect on the cystitis. The whole plant is used as a gargle for sore throats and as an eyewash for sore eyes and conjunctivitis. Fennel honey and syrup are used to treat those symptom in children. Moreover , crushed fennnel seeds are used in an eyewash to treat conjunctivites. Pregnant women and infant shouldn't use fennel.Fennel is available from supermarkets and health food stores, either fresh or as a herb tea or syrup.
Dosage and preparation
- Decoction- 5 to 10ml
- Syrup- 10 to 15ml
- Tincture- 2ml
- Oil – Twice daily
- Tea- 2 to 4gm